Why Did the Viking Trading Town of Kaupang Totally Disappear? – ThorNews

The first trading towns in Scandinavia were established at the same time as the first Viking raids took place on the British Isles and the continent: Birka in Sweden, Hedeby and Ribe in Denmark and Kaupang in Norway.

“Kaupang”, which translates from “kaupangr” in Old Norse to “market” or “trading place” in English, was strategically placed in a narrow bay in Sikiringssal by the outlet of the Oslo Fjord, five kilometers northeast of Larvik in Vestfold.

Excavations confirm that the town was established in the years 780-800 AD, and for unknown reasons was abandoned about year 930.The trading place was divided into many small plots with…

Source: Why Did the Viking Trading Town of Kaupang Totally Disappear? – ThorNews

Why Exactly Did the Vikings Flee Greenland? | Atlas Obscura

Sometime around the 10th century AD the Vikings traveled north to settle in Greenland. They lived there for around 500 years and then exited the region en masse. Why they left still remains a mystery, but a paper published today in Science Advances throws a wrench in one of the more popular explanations.

One Viking exodus hypothesis puts climate change front and center. The Vikings traveled to Greenland during a period known as the Medieval Warm Period, a chunk of time–between the…

Source: Why Exactly Did the Vikings Flee Greenland? | Atlas Obscura

Sutton Hoo?

sutton.hoo_.helmetIn 624, at a windswept English coastal town with the comical name of Sutton Hoo, the royal ship of an Anglo-Saxon King was loaded to the gunwales with treasures beyond compare. Its manifest would list piles of precious metals, jewel-encrusted odds and ends, rare coins, arms from the far north, tableware from the far south and above all, a spectacular golden war helmet. The whole shining ship, 90 feet of overreaching opulence from stem to stern, mocked the dusk into which the sovereign’s world was lapsing. When at last, every artifact had been neatly stowed and the King brought aboard, the vessel embarked upon one final voyage home. Its strange journey did not head out over the seas, but rather into the Earth and covered over with dirt until a mound rose up from the hole. The ship traveled into a darkness very much like that which Western Civilization itself was falling, for this was the…

Source: Sutton Hoo?

Mapping Viking DNA in Normandy

Vikings Invading Normandy

The Vikings invaded and colonized Normandy and now scientists are looking for DNA traces. (Photo illustration: «Vikings», History Channel)

British scientists have started to collect DNA samples from Frenchmen to learn more about Viking colonization of Normandy.

– The aim is to learn more about the intensity of the Scandinavian colonization in the 9th and 10th centuries, says Richard Jones, senior history lecturer at the University of Leicester to Phys.org.

The team is also searching for Viking roots amongst residents in three areas of Britain.

Norwegian Vikings

The British researchers collect DNA from a hundred volunteers on the Cotentin Peninsula, also known as the Cherbourg Peninsula, in Normandy.

Historians believe many Norwegian Vikings settled down in the area, although most Vikings in Normandy were Danish.

According to Phys.org, the French volunteers have been chosen because they have surnames that are of Scandinavian origin or that have been present in…

View original post 271 more words

Norwegian Vikings Cultivated Hemp

Cannabis Farm Viking Age Norway

1300 years ago, hemp was cultivated on Sosteli Iron Age Farm in Vest-Agder county. (Photo: Morten Teinum / Visit Sørlandet)

On a secluded Iron Age farm in Southern Norway, archaeological findings show that it was common to cultivate cannabis in the Viking Age. The question is how the Vikings used the fibers, seeds and oil from the versatile plant.

For more than fifty years, samples from archaeological excavations at Sosteli Iron Age Farm have been stored in the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen, according to an article on research portal Forskning.no.

Analyses show that in the period between the years 650 and 800 AD, i.e. the beginning of the Viking Age, hemp was cultivated on the remote mountain farm.

This is not the first time there are found traces of cultivation this far back in time, but Sosteli stands out.

– In the other cases, it is only…

View original post 228 more words

Found Islamic Coins Hidden Inside Viking Age Shield Boss

Viking Age Shield Boss Norway

Remains of a leather purse with several Islamic coins were found inside this shield boss. (Photo: Åge Hojem / NTNU Museum of Natural History and Archaeology)

In August 2014 a hobby archaeologist found a Viking Age sword with metal detector in a field in Skaun, just south of Trondheim in Central Norway. Now, archaeologists have examined the finding and have some exciting news about the owner.

Having examined the grave, archaeologists at the NTNU Museum of Natural History and Archaeology in Trondheim tell NRK that it is dated to about the year 950. In addition to the sword, researchers found the remains of a shield.

– We have not managed to find out who owned the sword, but we know that he was a well traveled man, says archaeologist Ingrid Ystgaard.

Radiographs show that there is an inscription on the sword blade that tells that it probably has been produced…

View original post 282 more words