Military morality: the problem of scruples. –

One of the blogs I read, day in and day out, is Padre Steve’s. Steve is a military chaplain with 30+ years experience who has served in Iraq and knows the real face of war inside and out. He is also a historian who has studied and written extensively on Germany in the Weimar and Nazi periods, especially about its military establishment. Very often–in fact, in almost every article–Padre Steve sounds a clear historical warning that the United States is going down exactly the same road of totalitarianism that Germany experienced in the 1920s and 1930s. Steve appears to be a voice in the wilderness, sounding…

via Military morality: the problem of scruples. –

We must not only fight “Fake News”: we must fight Fake History too. –

 The evil twin brother of “fake news” is “fake history”–and it can have a much more lasting and devastating impact.

Source: We must not only fight “Fake News”: we must fight Fake History too. –

A Nazi in housewife’s clothing – Jefferson St. Clair

The Stomping Mare, a female guard at several Nazi concentration camps, was known for her exceptional cruelty, even by Nazi standards. She served as an Aufseherin, the German title for a female guar…

Source: A Nazi in housewife’s clothing – Jefferson St. Clair

The History Girls: How much did ordinary Germans really know about the Holocaust? by Leslie Wilson

‘I know no one ever believes us nowadays – everyone thinks we knew everything. We knew nothing, it was all kept well secret.’ Thus Brunhilde Pomsel, one of Goebbels’s typists, recently quoted in The Guardian, talking about the Holocaust.

And I found myself, as so often, thinking: ‘Yes, you can say that, but how can I believe you?’ It was the eternal question for…

Source: The History Girls: How much did ordinary Germans really know about the Holocaust? by Leslie Wilson

How Many People Did Hitler Personally Kill?

History Wench

When it comes to the total number of deaths one person is responsible for Hitler is hard to top (beaten only by Stalin and Mao). The number of non-combatants killed under the Nazi regime is in the region of 11,000,000 according to Timothy Snyder, professor of history at Yale. I find this to be a reasonable and accurate estimate based on my own research. The true devastation and trauma of murder is easily forgotten when simply tallying death tolls as statistics – even more so when we are discussing an amount as colossal as 11,000,000. As Snyder eloquently puts it himself:

“Discussion of numbers can blunt our sense of the horrific personal character of each killing and the irreducible tragedy of each death. As anyone who has lost a loved one knows, the difference between zero and one is an infinity. (1)

But how many deaths was Hitler personally responsible for? We discuss the answer below, looking at all…

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Dublin woman discovers she was born into Nazi breeding program –

Originally posted on

Not many of us remember much from the first few years of our lives, but with thanks to parents, family and friends with good memories, not to mention plenty of baby photographs, the majority of us are lucky to know where and how we spent the years before our proper memories begin.

This wasn’t the case for Kari Rovall from Ballinteer, Co. Dublin. Having being adopted and raised in Sweden, she relocated to Ireland some years ago, never knowing anything about how she came to an orphanage in her infancy.

Her early childhood remained a life-long mystery, until she was 64 years old and received a letter containing the first photograph she had ever seen of herself as a baby. The photographers? Nazis.

Beginning a quest to unearth the truth of her own history, Kari discovered that she had been born as part of the Lebensborn or “the spring of life” program, established in Nazi Germany for the purpose of creating a so-called Aryan race. This “master race” plan was a breeding program churning out batches of blond-haired, blue-eyed children who were set to become…

via Dublin woman discovers she was born into Nazi breeding program –

~The night of broken glass~


As the synagogue in Oberramstadt burns during Kristallnacht (the “Night of Broken Glass”), firefighters instead save a nearby house. Local residents watch as the synagogue is destroyed. Oberramstadt, Germany, November 9-10, 1938.

On the night of November 9, 1938, violence against Jews broke out across the Reich. It appeared to be unplanned, set off by Germans’ anger over the assassination of a German official in Paris at the hands of a Jewish teenager. In fact, German propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels and other Nazis carefully organized the pogroms. In two days, over 250 synagogues were burned, over 7,000 Jewish businesses were trashed and looted, dozens of Jewish people were killed, and Jewish cemeteries, hospitals, schools, and homes were looted while police and fire brigades stood by. The pogroms became known as Kristallnacht, the “Night of Broken Glass,” for the shattered glass from the store windows that…

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On This Day in 1929 – The Birth of Anne Frank

The York Historian

Annelis Marie Frank, or Anne Frank, is incredibly famous for her diary, which was published in 1947 by her father, Otto Frank. As the story commonly goes, she was a victim of the Holocaust and hid in an annex until she was discovered and met a tragic death at the hands of the Nazis. It is after this point that most people draw a blank. You might know the odd person who has read her diary and is able to comment that it is a deeply moving coming of age tale against the backdrop of the struggle she facedAnne Frank's Diary under Nazi occupation.

On this day, as we remember Anne Frank coming into the world, let us take the opportunity to learn more about her story.

Anne Frank was the younger of two children and had a sister called Margot, who was three years older than her. In 1933, when Anne…

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Holocaust Memory: Beyond the Jewish Genocide

Literaturesalon's Blog

The Holocaust refers to the genocide of nearly 6 million Jews by the Nazis and Nazi collaborators. There is no doubt that the Jews were singled out for systematic extermination. However, it is also important to keep in mind that the Nazis murdered or sent to slave labor camps millions of non-Jews as well. Over 3 million Russians died as prisoners of war and in concentration or labor camps established by the Nazis.

Max Hastings documents that by February 1942, “almost 60 percent of the 3.35 million Soviet prisoners in German hands had perished; by 1945, 3.3 million were dead out of 5.7 million taken captive. (Inferno, 488). A large percentage of Russian civilians sent to Nazi forced labor camps—170,000 out of 2.77 million workers—perished there, along with large numbers of Polish and Italian prisoners of war. (Inferno, 489).

The Nazi policy of deliberately starving the…

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The History Girls: Women of the Warsaw Uprising, by Clare Mulley

Gravestone of a female resistance fighter,
Powąnski Cemetery, Warsaw.
(Copyright Clare Mulley)

This month marks the 70th anniversary of the end of the Warsaw Uprising. By the summer of 1944 the tide of the Second World War had turned. The Soviets, now Allies, had reversed the German advance, and France was fighting towards liberation. Sensing change, the Polish government-in-exile authorized their highly organised resistance ‘Home Army’ to rise up against the extremely brutal Nazi forces occupying their capital.

On the 1st August thousands of Polish men, women and children launched a coordinated attack. The Poles had faced invasion on two fronts at the start of the war, and were well aware of the dual threat to their independence. Their aim now was to liberate Warsaw from the Nazis so that they could welcome the advancing Soviet Army as free, or at least fighting, citizens. Moscow radio had appealed to the Poles to take action, but the Red Army then deliberately waited within hearing distance for the ensuing conflict to decimate the Polish resistance before making their own entry. The Warsaw Uprising is remembered as one of the most courageous resistance actions of the Second World War, but also…

Continue: The History Girls: Women of the Warsaw Uprising, by Clare Mulley.