Soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, a young Yorkshireman named Edward Barton was despatched to the Sultan’s court to promote the interests of the Levant Company.
The capture of Constantinople in 1453 by the Ottoman Turks signalled the collapse of Byzantine power and, because the Turks knew little of international trade and commerce, it might have led to an administrative vacuum. But the Sultan, Mohammed, wisely decided to adopt many of the customs and institutions developed by the Byzantines during the 1,000 years of their Empire. Among these was the system of capitulations – a word derived from the Latin capitulae, meaning the chapters of an agreement or treaty governing the relations between the State and other nations and their citizens in Constantinople. The status and rights of non-Turks in the Ottoman Empire thus came to be defined by…
Source: A Yorkshireman in Istanbul, 1593 | History Today.
Yenikapı excavations that started nearly 10 years ago has brought back Istanbul’s historical heritage to 8,500 years. A wooden notebook, which was found in a sunken ship, the replica of which will sail, is considered the Byzantine’s invention akin to the likes of the modern-day tablet computer.
During archaeological excavations, experts have also found striking information on animal culture, such as the meat of many animals, like horses and wild donkeys were eaten in the ancient era.
Remains unearthed in the excavations drew great attention not only in Turkish, but also in world archaeology. The remains have survived as organic products, which greatly impressed the scientific world.
Within a project carried out by Istanbul University, the goal is to set the sunken ship, christened Yenikapı 12, sail again. The ship will be able to float by the middle of 2015.
Speaking about the remains, the project team member Associate Professor Ufuk Kocabaş said they had found organic products in Yenikapı area, which was known as Theodosius Port in Byzantine, a rare discovery. He said 60 percent of the sunken ship had survived in a preserved condition.
via Byzantine ancestors of tablet computers found in Yenikapı diggings – ARCHAEOLOGY.