A 1938 image depicting the First Fleet arriving in Australia on the 26th of January, 1788. This was the beginning of European colonisation of the continent, and the 26th is now called Australia Day.From the collection of the National Library of Australia in Canberra.
On the 20th of January, 1788, the main body of the First Fleet arrived in Botany Bay, modern-day Australia.
The First Fleet, consisting of eleven ships of convicts, marines and seamen, had left England in 1787.
Botany Bay was deemed unsuitable for a colony, with concerns about the lack of fresh water and the swampy land, and the fleet moved further north, to Port Jackson. The fleet’s arrival in the second port is marked by Australia Day on the 26th of January.