Melanie Klein, the Founding Mother of Children’s Psychology – Amazing Women In History

Melanie_Klein_c1900-225x300As with many fields of study, the canonical works of the social sciences are overrun with the findings of white males. But in the field of psychoanalysis, Melanie Klein, a Viennese Jewish woman, made an impact on the field with her unlikely sounding theories published in her book The Psychoanalysis of Children, where she documents infants’ reality of a ‘good breast’ and a ‘bad breast.’ She has since been recognized as one of the most notable counselors in history.

Klein was born on March 30, 1882 to a middle-class, Jewish family in Vienna. The youngest of four, Klein took an early interest in psychoanalysis, captivated by its ambition and wisdom. Klein had dreams of attending medical school to study psychiatry, following the footsteps of her father, but was held back and pushed into a loveless marriage to…

Source: Melanie Klein, the Founding Mother of Children’s Psychology – Amazing Women In History

Queen Liliʻuokalani, first and last queen regnant of Hawaii – Amazing Women In History

Originally posted on Amazing Women In History.

Liliʻuokalani (1838–1917), born Lydia Lili’u Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamakaeha, was the first female monarch to reign in her own right. Up until the 1890s, the Kingdom of Hawai was an independent sovereign state, officially recognized by the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Japan, and Germany. During Liliʻuokalani’s reign, the Overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii took place in 1893, when she abdicated “to avoid any collision of armed forces, and perhaps the loss of life”.

Queen Liliʻuokalani is remembered for her many musical compositions, including the famous song “Aloha &#699Oe” (“Farewell the Thee”). Many of these were written during her imprisonment after she abdicated her throne, and they express a deep love of her land and people.

Lydia Lili’u Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamakaeha was born, one of 15 children, on September 2, 1838 to High Chiefess Analea Keohokālole and High Chief Kaluaiku Kamakaʻehukai Kahana Keola Kapaʻakea. Her mother was one of the fifteen counsellors of the king Kamehameha III.

Following Hawai’ian naming practices, Liliʻuokalani’s given name at birth was Lydia Liliʻu Loloku Walania Wewehi Kamakaʻeha. Traditionally, Hawaiʻian parents created new names for their children, giving careful thought to their meaning. Sometimes these names were revealed in dreams or visions. Incidents before or during a child’s birth were considered significant in their naming, as in Liliʻu’s case. Liliʻu’s great-aunt developed an eye infection at the time of her birth, which is why she was given the names “Liliʻu” meaning “smarting”; “Loloku” meaning tearful; “Walania”, “a burning pain”; and “Kamakaʻeha”, “sore eyes”. Though it may seem strange to us, in Hawaiʻian culture these names were not considered bad, ugly, or unlucky; they commemorated…

via Queen Liliʻuokalani, first and last queen regnant of Hawaii – Amazing Women In History.

Qiu Jin, Chinese feminist & revolutionary martyr – Amazing Women In History

Qiu Jin (1875–1907) was a Chinese writer & poet, a strong-willed feminist who is considered a national hero in China. Also called “Jianhu Nüxia” (Woman Knight of Mirror Lake”), she was executed after participating in a failed uprising against the Qing Dynasty.

Qiu Jin was born in 1875 to a family of the gentry, and received an excellent education as was typical for a young woman of her position. She always loved to write, and in this period of her life she wrote many joyful poems on subjects ranging from flowers and the four seasons to visiting historical places and domestic activities. She also wrote about female heroes and warriors from Chinese history, in inspiring poems about their strength, courage, and beauty. One of her poems begins “Don’t tell me women / are not the stuff of heroes”. Her poetry reflected her self-confidence and desire to become an excellent female writer as valued by traditional Chinese culture.

When Qiu Jin was 19, she obeyed her father and married the son of a wealthy merchant, against her own wishes. Qiu became extremely unhappy in her marriage. She wrote of her husband, “That person’s behavior is worse than an animal’s….He treats me as less than nothing.” and “When I think of him my hair bristles with anger, it’s absolutely unbearable.” Her previous self-confidence was shaken and her dreams of becoming a recognized poet were abandoned. Her poetry from this period of her life was full of self-doubt and loneliness.

Boxer Rebellion Soldiers

Boxer Soldiers, courtesy Wikimedia Commons

During this period Qiu also began writing poetry about current events and the fate of China. After hearing of events such as the Boxer Rebellion and occupation of Beijing, she used her poetry, with literary allusion to heroines of the past, to express her concern about the fate of China and Chinese women. Qiu longed to serve her country but realized that wasn’t possible as long as she was trapped in a conventional married life. Her marriage was an important catalyst in her development as a feminist and revolutionary…

via Qiu Jin, Chinese feminist & revolutionary martyr – Amazing Women In History.