Quietly awaiting Armageddon: “quiver theory” and the summer of 1914. – SeanMunger.com

In the early summer of 1914, Europe had no idea what was coming its way. Are we in a similar daze today?

Source: Quietly awaiting Armageddon: “quiver theory” and the summer of 1914. – SeanMunger.com

Engraving, Inking, Trimming: The Production of Paper Currency in 1914 | The Unwritten Record

Previously we shared a blog post about counterfeiters and briefly mentioned how the artistic gifts of some were used to counterfeit money. This installment will discuss the creation of the Bureau o…

Source: Engraving, Inking, Trimming: The Production of Paper Currency in 1914 | The Unwritten Record

20 Rare Color Photos Of Paris Taken 100 Years Ago.

In the era of black and white photos, French banker Albert Kahn wanted to capture the great cities of the world in color. So in 1909, he commissioned four photographers to take their cameras around the world, documenting what they saw in color.

One of those cities was Paris, and these photos taken in 1914 capture…

Source: 20 Rare Color Photos Of Paris Taken 100 Years Ago.

When Britain happily accepted 250,000 desperate refugees

At the outbreak of World War I in the summer of 1914, Germany invaded Belgium on its way to France, sending hundreds of thousands of Belgian refugees fleeing for their lives.

A quarter of a million Belgians managed to make it across the English Channel to…

Source: When Britain happily accepted 250,000 desperate refugees

A protest at sea: The boat that challenged Canadian immigration law

Organizer Gurdit Singh Sandhu (front left) and other passengers pose for a photo. IMAGE: LEONARD FRANK/VANCOUVER PUBLIC LIBRARY

In 1908, the Canadian government passed an order-in-council which prohibited the immigration of people who did not “come from the country of their birth or citizenship by a continuous journey and or through tickets purchased before leaving their country of their birth or nationality.

”This “continuous journey” regulation was a masked attempt to restrict the entrance of immigrants arriving from India, a lengthy journey which necessarily included a stopover in Hawaii or Japan at the time.

The exclusionary law faced several legal challenges and was amended a few times. Its most high-profile controversy came in 1914, when Gurdit Singh Sandhu decided to challenge it directly. Singh was a Punjabi man who had become…

Source: A protest at sea: The boat that challenged Canadian immigration law

The Christmas Truce By Carol Ann Duffy

"Illustrated London News - Christmas Truce 1914" by A. C. Michael - The Guardian [2] / [3]Originally published in The Illustrated London News, January 9, 1915.. Via Wikipedia.

Illustrated London News – Christmas Truce 1914” by A. C. Michael – The Guardian [2] / [3] Originally published in The Illustrated London News, January 9, 1915.. Via Wikipedia.

THE CHRISTMAS TRUCE
by Carol Ann Duffy

Christmas Eve in the trenches of France,
the guns were quiet.
The dead lay still in No Man’s Land –
Freddie, Franz, Friedrich, Frank…
The moon, like a medal, hung in the clear, cold sky.

Then flickering flames from the other side
danced in their eyes,
as Christmas Trees in their dozens shone,
candlelit on the parapets,
and they started to sing, all down the German lines.

So Christmas dawned, wrapped in mist,
to open itself
and offer the day like a gift
for Harry, Hugo, Hermann, Henry, Heinz…
with whistles, waves, cheers, shouts, laughs.

Terms of Enlistment

In Times Gone By...

Terms of enlistment in Britain. August, 1914.

Source

400px-New_Army_Terms_of_Enlistment_poster_Aug_1914_IWM

View original post

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to the Austro-Hungarian Mission, 25 July 1914 – Part IV | The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014

Originally posted on The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014.

Leopold Count Berchtold

On 25 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), circulated a memoir to all Austro-Hungarian diplomatic missions. The memoir formed the basis of Austria-Hungary’s view of Serbia, and the Dual Monarchy’s rational during the July Crisis. From the Austro-Hungarian perspective, it lists the different forms of Serbian aggression endured since the beginning of the century, culminating in the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife at Sarajevo. The following is part IV of the memoir.

Circular Note to the Austro-Hungarian Mission. Vienna, 25 July 1914.

A few months previously, research with regard to treasonable propaganda had been instituted on Luka Aljinovicz’s account. In the course of these investigations three witnesses had testified against Aljinovicz, who, they said had in 1913 received 100 dinar from the Narodna odbrana for purposes of propaganda, but more especially for an attempt upon the life of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and a secret student society had given him the same sum.

This shows how the criminal agitation of the Narodna odbrana was recently concentrated upon the person of Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

All these facts lead to the conclusion that the Narodjia odbrana, and the elements hostile to Austria-Hungary grouped around it, had recently considered the…

via Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to the Austro-Hungarian Mission, 25 July 1914 – Part IV | The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014.

Austro-Hungarian Red Book: Count Berchtold to the Austro-Hungarian Missions, 25 July 1914 – Part I

The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014

On 25 July 1914, the Austro-Hungarian Minister of Foreign Affairs, Leopold Count Berchtold (pictured), circulated a memoir to all Austro-Hungarian diplomatic missions, with slight variation to the introductory paragraph depending on the mission. The memoir formed the basis of Austria-Hungary’s view of Serbia, and the Dual Monarchy’s rational during the July Crisis. From the Austro-Hungarian perspective, it lists the different forms of Serbian aggression endured since the beginning of the century. The following is part I of the memoir.

Leopold Count Berchtold Leopold Count Berchtold

Circular Note to the Austro-Hungarian Mission. Vienna, 25 July 1914.

You will find enclosed the dossier, announced in the Circular Note to the Powers, which contains details on the propaganda for Greater Servia, and its connection with the crime of Sarajevo. This dossier is for your information and for communication to the government to which you are accredited.

Memoir.

The movement, which has its origin in Servia…

View original post 1,271 more words

The Memories of August 1914 • Royal de Luxe • Liverpool

Rogues & Vagabonds

Originally posted on 14-18 Now

The world-renowned street theatre company Royal de Luxe retells the story of the famous Liverpool Pals Battalions, the young men who volunteered alongside their next-door neighbours, family members and friends to fight for Britain on the battlefields of Europe. Giants  including the Little Girl, much missed since her previous visit to Liverpool, and her pet dog Xolo will roam the city, drawing crowds into its ranks wherever it ventures.

When the Giants last visited the city in 2012, to mark the centenary of the sinking of the Titanic, 800,000 people came out to see them. This summer they return to recall the fevered atmosphere of those early months of the war, and to honour a courageous generation of Liverpudlians.

The Memories of August 1914 route can be found here.

14-18 Now

View original post

Baron Giesl is Asked to Present a Note to Serbia: 20 July 1914

Featured Image -- 984

The July Crisis: 100 Years On, 1914-2014

On 20 July 1914, Count Berchtold sent a momentous telegram to Wladimir Giesl von Gieslingen, the Austro-Hungarian Ambassador to Serbia. In it, he asks his minister to present an ultimatum to Serbia on 23 July, along with its text.

Count Berchtold to Baron von Giesl. Vienna, 20 July 1914.

You are asked to present the following note to the Royal government on the afternoon of the 23rd of July, not later than between four and five o’clock.

“On the 31rst March 1909 the Royal Servian Minister at the court of Vienna by order of his government made the following declaration before the Imperial and Royal government: ‘Servia acknowledges that none of its rights have been
touched by the situation created in Bosnia and Herzegovina and that it will therefore accomodate itself to the decisionswhich the powers will resolve with regard to the article XXV of the Treaty of Berlin. Servia, in following the advice of the Great Powers…

View original post 1,024 more words