The Ancient City Where People Decided To Eat Chickens | Ancientfoods

Lee Perry Gal measures chicken long bones at the zooarchaeology lab, Zinman Institute of Archaeology, University of Haifa.

An ancient, abandoned city in Israel has revealed part of the story of how the chicken turned into one of the pillars of the modern Western diet.

The city, now an archaeological site, is called Maresha. It flourished in the Hellenistic period from 400 to 200 BCE.

“The site is located on a trade route between Jerusalem and Egypt,” says Lee Perry-Gal, a doctoral student in the department of archaeology at the University of Haifa. As a result, it was a meeting place of cultures, “like New York City,” she says.

Not too long ago, the archaeologists unearthed something unusual: a collection of chicken bones.

“This was very, very surprising,” says Perry-Gal.

The surprising thing was not that chickens lived here. There’s evidence that humans have kept chickens around for thousands of years, starting in Southeast Asia and China.

But those older sites contained just a few scattered chicken bones…

Source: The Ancient City Where People Decided To Eat Chickens | Ancientfoods

Not Just For Kissing: Medicinal Uses of Mistletoe (Past & Present) « The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice

Ah, December. That time of year when mistletoe springs up magically in entrance halls and doorways, driving unsuspecting individuals into an awkward embrace before they make a mad dash for the booze.

Today, we associate mistletoe with smooching; however, this wasn’t always the case. In fact, the poisonous, parastic plant has a long association with medicine, and in the past would have been recognized by doctors as a vital ingredient in the treatment of various disorders.

One of the first records of mistletoe being used medicinally comes from Hippocrates (460 – 377 BC) who used the plant to treat diseases of the spleen and complaints associated with menstruation. Celsus (25 BC – 50 AD) also describes using mistletoe in the fifth book of De Medicina. He mixed it with various organic or inorganic substances to create plasters and emollients, which he then used to treat…

Source: Not Just For Kissing: Medicinal Uses of Mistletoe (Past & Present) « The Chirurgeon’s Apprentice

6,000-year-old skeletons in French pit came from victims of violence | Science News

CIRCLE OF DEATH A circular pit excavated in France (left) contains the remains of eight people probably killed in a violent attack around 6,000 years ago. Seven severed left arms lay at the bottom of the pit. A diagram of the pit discoveries denotes bones of each individual in different colors.

A gruesome discovery in eastern France casts new light on violent conflicts that took lives — and sometimes just limbs — around 6,000 years ago.Excavations of a 2-meter-deep circular pit in Bergheim revealed seven human skeletons plus a skull section from an infant strewn atop the remains of seven human arms, say anthropologist Fanny Chenal of Antea Archéologie in Habsheim, France, and her colleagues.

Two men, one woman and four children were killed, probably in a…

Source: 6,000-year-old skeletons in French pit came from victims of violence | Science News

Julius Caesar’s genocide in the Netherlands discovery | Dear Kitty. Some blog

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Julius Caesar fought battle near Oss

Archaeologists say they found the final proof that Julius Caesar has marched around in what is now the Netherlands. They have identified the location of a battle in 55 BC in which Caesar defeated two Germanic tribes. Which took place at the present village Kessel in the municipality of Oss.

These two tribes were the…

Source: Julius Caesar’s genocide in the Netherlands discovery | Dear Kitty. Some blog

Ancient Chinese tomb dating back 2,500 years uncovered to shed light on obscure kingdom | Asia | News | The Independent

Chinese archaeologists have uncovered a 2,500-year-old- tomb thought to contain the skeletons of an ancient royal family. The tomb in Luoyang city, Henan province, is believed to originate from the relatively-unknown Luhun Kingdom, which only lasted 113 years between 638BC and 525BC, according People’s Daily Online.

Source: Ancient Chinese tomb dating back 2,500 years uncovered to shed light on obscure kingdom | Asia | News | The Independent

The Death of Rome’s Greatest Orator

December 7th, 43 BC

Marcus Jullis Cicero was the greatest orator of the late Roman Republic. In his capacity, as a statesman, lawyer, scholar and writer, he tried desperately to champion Republican principles and justice in the final civil wars of the Republican period. He exposed much corruption, earning him the scorn of Sulla, which caused him to flee Rome for the safety of Athens. He eventually returned to Rome, after Sulla’s death, and a decade or so later in the year 66 B.C, he would viciously denounce the decadent Catiline, who aimed to overthrow the government. With his own self-importance growing, he alienated important figures in the Senate, which resulted in charges raised against him for ordering the killing of Roman citizens during these turbulent years. He was exiled and eventually invited back by…

Source: What happened this month in history?

30 BC – The Death of Mark Antony

Thorns of Time

A bitter defeat in a decisive naval battle in Egypt, on 1 August 30 BC, Mark Antony escaped to Alexandria while his rival Octavian (later Roman Emperor Augustus) invaded the country.  Having received false word that his lover, Cleopatra VII of Egypt, had already done so, Antony committed suicide by falling on his own sword.  He lingered on in agony just long enough to die in Cleopatra’s arms, and moments later, she was taken prisoner by Octavian.  With Antony’s death, Octavian became uncontested ruler of Rome with only the Queen of Egypt and her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion (literally “little Caesar”), standing in his way.  When twelve days later, the captive queen committed suicide, traditionally by allowing a poisonous snake to bite her, Octavian had the seventeen-year-old Caesarion murdered and Egypt at last fell under the full control of the Roman Empire, thus ending the Age of the Pharaohs…

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The Origins of the Unicorn

Mimi Matthews

The Maiden and the Unicorn by Domenichino, 1602.The Maiden and the Unicorn by Domenichino, 1602.

According to historians, the legend of the unicorn first emerged in 398 BC courtesy of the Greek physician Ctesias.  Ctesias wrote an account of India, titled Indica.  He attests that all recorded within his account are things that he has witnessed himself or that he has had related to him by credible witnesses.  This account of India, though largely lost, has been preserved in a fragmentary abstract made in the 9th century by Photios I of Constantinople.  In the twenty-fifth fragment, Ctesias writes of the unicorn, stating:

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8 Million Dogs Mummies Found in Necropolis – artnet News

Anubis <br> Photo: via <i> Ancient World Hisotry</i>

Ancient Egyptians mummified up to 8 million dogs as a sacrifice to the god of mummification and the dead, a study of the catacombs of Anubis in Saqqara near Cairo has revealed.

Researchers from Cardiff University in Wales were working at the ancient burial ground of Anubis—the jackal headed god—at the necropolis the ancient Egyptian city of Memphis when they made the spectacular discovery.

As with today, dogs were seen as a human’s loyal friend. However, they were also thought to act as bridges to the afterlife, as it was believed that they would communicate with Anubis on the human’s behalf, ensuring safe passage.

“It’s not some sort of blood sacrifice. It’s a religious act that’s done for the…

via 8 Million Dogs Mummies Found in Necropolis – artnet News.

Massive Monument Found Next to Stonehenge – artnet News

A rendering of the newly discovered Durrington Walls henge. Photo: via The Daily Mail

As if Stonehenge wasn’t impressive and mystifying enough, scientists have now discovered another massive Neolithic monument just one mile away from it.”

Stonehenge II,” as it has been dubbed by the Daily Mail, was found buried 3 feet underground. The huge 4,500-year-old monument is formed by over 90 stones arranged in a straight line.

“We’re looking at one of the largest stone monuments in Europe and it has been under our noses for something like 4,000 years,” the archaeologist Vince Gaffney, who leads the Stonehenge Hidden Landscape Project, told the Daily Mail. “It’s truly remarkable.”

“We presume it to be a ritual…

Source: Massive Monument Found Next to Stonehenge – artnet News

Mysterious wooden statue found in peat bog is ‘twice as old as Stonehenge’ – Asia – World – The Independent

shigiridol-v2A wooden statue pulled from a peat bog in Russia more than a hundred years ago is now believed to be twice as old as Stonehenge. The Shigir Idol, which found in the Ural Mountains in 1890, is thought to be 11,000 years old – making it the oldest wooden sculpture in the world. Depicting a man with mysterious symbols inscribed on him – which scientists believe could be an ancient encrypted code – the statue is 1,500 years older than previously thought. Scientists in Mannheim, Germany, used the most up-to-date carbon dating technology, called Accelerated Mass Spectrometry, to determine…

Source: Mysterious wooden statue found in peat bog is ‘twice as old as Stonehenge’ – Asia – World – The Independent

Linking cultures: Sudan, Egypt and Nubia at the British Museum

British Museum blog

Anna Garnett, Amara West Project Curator, British Museum

The land of Nubia, the ancient name for the Nile Valley in the far south of Egypt and northern Sudan, was the vital link between the ancient Egyptian and Mediterranean worlds and the cultures and raw materials of sub-Saharan Africa. Although heavily influenced by Egypt over millennia, the Nubian and Sudanese cultures along the Nile were distinctly different from that of their northern neighbour, Egypt. During certain periods, Nubian states conquered parts of Egypt.

The Egyptian pharaoh Kamose, who reigned 1555–1550 BC, spoke of his struggle to reunify Egypt at the end of the Second Intermediate Period (1650–1550 BC):

‘To what end am I to understand this power of mine, when a chieftain is in Avaris, and another in Kush, and I sit in league with an Asiatic and a Nubian, every man holding his slice of Egypt?’

Earlier this year, new displays in…

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King Tut’s Tomb May Hold Nefertiti’s Lost Tomb – artnet News

Originally posted on artnet News.

The funerary mask of King Tutankhamun at the Cairo Museum, Egypt. Photo: Tim Graham, courtesy Getty Images.

Does the tomb of Tutankhamun hold a secret passageway to the burial chamber of Queen Nefertiti? One researcher believes he has found evidence of a sealed-off door that he believes led to the famously beautiful Egyptian ruler’s tomb.

Nicholas Reeves of the University of Arizona has published a paper, “The Burial of Nefertiti?” based on his belief that high-resolution scans of the tomb (taken to create a life-size copy of the space) show traces of two walled-over doorways beneath the painted walls. He speculates that the “ghost” doorways would have led to a storage chamber and to “the undisturbed…

via King Tut’s Tomb May Hold Nefertiti’s Lost Tomb – artnet News.

 

40 maps that explain the Roman Empire – Vox

Originally posted on Vox.

Two thousand years ago, on August 19, 14 AD, Caesar Augustus died. He was Rome’s first emperor, having won a civil war more than 40 years earlier that transformed the dysfunctional Roman Republic into an empire. Under Augustus and his successors, the empire experienced 200 years of relative peace and prosperity. Here are 40 maps that explain the Roman Empire — its rise and fall, its culture and economy, and how it laid the foundations of the modern world.

The rise and fall of Rome

In 500 BC, Rome was a minor city-state on the Italian peninsula. By 200 BC, the Roman Republic had conquered Italy, and over the following two centuries it conquered Greece and Spain, the North African coast, much of the Middle East, modern-day France, and even…

via 40 maps that explain the Roman Empire – Vox.